(Former Presidents Mwai Kibaki (left) and late Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (right))
Kenya’s second President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI won the December 1992 Kenyan elections in spectacular fashion even though many Kenyans remain dismissive of President Moi’s impressive and unexpected victory at the Kenyan elections of December 1992. Daniel Toroitich arap Moi actually won the crucial 1992 elections, not in December 1992, but in December 1991 immediately aftr section 2(A) of the then Kenya Constitution as revoked in December 1991, enabling the reintroduction of multi-party politics in Kenya.
After the said repeal of Section 2 (A) of Kenya’s then constitution in December 1991, Daniel Toroitich arap Moi began quietly transfering District Commissioners he most trusted to his strongholds in the provinces that is, Coast Province, Rift Valley Province, North Eastern Province, Western Province, and Eastern Province. In earlier years in Kenya, District Commissioners played a pivotal role in elections, both party elections and general elections for instance, between 1969 and 1991, the only political party in Kenya was the Kenya African National Union (KANU), and it was District Commissioners who played the role of Returning Officers at KANU party elections. Many Kenyans if those times will for example remember how back in the 1980s, Heads if the Civil Service, Permanent Secretaries in the Internal Security Ministry, District Commissioners and Provincial Commissioners attended high profile KANU Delegates Meetings and KANU National Governing Council Meetings.
Kenya District Commissioners in those days reported to Provincial Commissioners, Provincial Commissioners reported to the Permanent Secretaries in the Internal Security Ministry reported to the Head of the Civil Service.
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi knew he had little or no support in Kenya’s remaining provinces prior to both the 1992 and 1997 elections that is, Nyanza Province, Central Province and Nairobi Province, and it is here that lesser trusted District Commissioners were transferred between around late December 1991 and late March 1992. Sure enough, Daniel Toroitich arap Moi, at both the 1992 and 1997 elections, won comfortably at the Coast, Rift Valley, North Eastern, Western and Eastern, but lost badly in Nyanza Central and Nairobi, something he had anticipated and planned for well in advance.
President Moi used to get daily intelligence briefings from the Directorate of Security Intelligence(DSI) that is, “Special Branch”, do President Moi was fully aware about where he had a string support base and where he didn’t. Nine months before hltge Kenyan way lectins of December 1992 that is, March 1992, President Moi had crucial structures firmly in place for instance, his most trusted District Commissioners.
Another clever thing that President Moi did before the 1992 elections was to carve out more constituencies and wards in his strongholds, more so Rift Valley Province in what is referred to as gerrymandering. This was to ensure that President Moi’s KANU political party won sufficient parliamentary and civic seats to govern.
Compare and contrast this with the Kenyan elections of 15 years later that is, the Kenyan elections of December 2007 that is at least President Moi and KANU won in five out of eight provinces at both the December 1992 elections and the December 1997 elections, unlike President Kibaki and Party of National Unity (PNU) at the December 2007 Kenyan elections, who won in only one-and-a-half provinces against six-and-a-half provinces won by Raila Odinga and the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM)
President Mwai Kibaki and PNU openly stole the 2007 elections. The Kenyan elections of December 2007 were not elections actually, they were full scale and widescale open gangsterism by the three main political parties that participated; Mwai Kibaki’s PNU, Raila Odinga’s ODM and Kalonzo Musyoka’s ODM-Kenya.
2007 elections was messy and regrettable election. It also did not help that many ODM parliamentary and civic candidates bulldozed their way and openly stole the party nominations at grass root level for instance Jakoyo Midiwo, Otieno Kajwang’, Dr. Oburu Odinga, Prof. Anyang’ Nyong’o and James Orengo. In Kenya for example, there was a young popular aspirant called Steve Mwanga, who was openly rigged out by James Orengo and his supporters at the ODM party nominations prior to the December 2007 Kenyan elections. There are many Kenyans who will never forgive PNU for 2007. There are also many Kenyans who will equally never forgive ODM and ODM Kenya for 2007. As then US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said, “both sides stole” that is ODM and PNU.
Actually had ODM not stood in the way of the wishes of it’s massive support base or supporters in 2007 in six-and-a-half out of Kenya’s then eight provinces for instance, had ODM not openly rigged the ODM party parliamentary nominations and the ODM party civic nominations prior to the Kenyan elections of December 2007, it is likely that there would have been major uprisings all across Kenya following the open theft by PNU of the 2007 Presidential election on the night of 29th December 2007 at the national tallying center of what was then known as the Electoral Commission of Kenya (ECK) at the Kenyatta International Convention Centre (KICC), Nairobi, Kenya.
There were genuine widespread grievances all across Kenya prior to the Kenyan elections of December 207 for example, many Kenyans questioned why they had to buy kerosene at 68 Kenya shillings per litre in Mwai Kibaki’s “Progressive Kenya”, yet in Daniel Toroitich arap Moi’s “Disastrous Kenya”, kerosene was 34 Kenya Shilings per litre.
The Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) was not in reality not launched prior to the December 2007 elections, but two years prior that I’d 2005, when Banana lost go Orange at the 2005 constitutional referendum. Banana morphed into PNU in 2007 and orange morphed into ODM in 2007.
President Mwai Kibaki should have treated his loss at the 2005 constitutional referendum as a wake up call, just like President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi tested the repeal of Section 2(A) of Kenya’s then constitution as a wake up call. President Moi already had structures in place nine months prior to Kenya’s crucial elections of December1992, while President Kibaki’s PNU was launched in October 2007, only two months before the crucial Kenyan elections of December 2007, meaning that President Kibaki and PNU had no meaningful structures in place prior to the crucial Kenyan els ruins of December 2007.
prior to the Kenyan elections of December 2002, the party to watch and the party of the moment was not KANU, but the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC). NARC beat KANU in a landslide at Kenya’s December 2002 elections, though not many Kenyans may recall that the NARC party nominations prior to the 2002 elections were openly rigged, though this was glossed over by the fact that Kenyans “were eager to remove KANU from power”.
Three elections in Kenya in a row have actually been openly stolen by the key players and key political parties that participated namely; elections of 2007, 2013, 2017 which is very unfortunate, but in principle, Kenya’s second President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi was much better in planning ahead than Kenya’s third President Mwai Kibaki, as illustrated above.